The city of Pforzheim is located in the south-west of Germany. It is an important regional economic and cultural centre situated between the metropolitan areas of Karlsruhe and Stuttgart. Every day approx. 30,000 commuters converge on the city.
The population of the city is approx.117,000 and the city is the main centre for the economic region of the northern Black Forest including the rural districts of Calw, Freudenstadt and the Enzkreis. Due to its geographical location on the edge of the northern Black Forest, the city can boast a well-balanced infrastructure and an attractive location for living and the pursuit of outdoor activities. The roots of Pforzheim go back to the Roman settlement "Portus". In the middle ages the timber industry, rafting, tanneries and manufacture of cloth led to the prosperity of the community.
In those days the acclaimed Latin school in Pforzheim included the student Johannes Reuchlin, the great German humanist, and also his well-known grandnephew, the reformist Philipp Schwarzerd (better known under the name of Melanchthon). After the decline of the economy and a number of wars, the foundation on the 6th April, 1767, of the Pforzheim watchmaking industry through the privilege of the margrave Karl-Friedrich von Baden introduced a decisive turn for the better. The establishment of the first manufacturing facilities for watches and jewellery in the Pforzheim orphanage enabled the birth of the gold city "Goldstadt" Pforzheim.
The Goldstadt has remained the centre of the German jewellery and watchmaking industry. After considerable devastation in World War II when an air strike on 23rd February, 1945 killed more than 20 percent of the population, the city was rebuilt and today presents itself as a modern, cosmopolitan and ambitious city. Business activities in the region include concentrations of companies involved in metalworking, electrical engineering, electronics and a number of large mail order companies.
The city has a wide variety of cultural activities including a city theatre, the South-West German Chamber Orchestra, the Osterfeld cultural centre and a total of eleven museums, which partly describe the historical industrial background of the city. The jewellery museum in the Reuchlinhaus building presents an extraordinary and unique collection of jewellery pieces ranging from the ancient world to the present day. The technical museum of the Pforzheim jewellery and watchmaking industry documents the story of this traditional industry from the 18th century up to present. The Pforzheim Jewellery World exhibition offers a unique insight into the jewellery and watchmaking industry. International visitors to the renovated Industriehaus building can inform themselves, look at the workshop or view the latest collections of the Pforzheim jewellery industry.
Further information is available at the internet web site of the city of Pforzheim.